Iran's Culture

Standard 23 December 05

Zar Ceremony in Hormozgan

Are you intrigued by the supernatural? Or Have you ever wondered about exorcism and the existence of spirits?

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Standard 23 December 02

Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art

Museums are the gatekeepers of our ancestral heritage, granting us a glimpse into the lives of those who came before us. And in the vibrant city of Tehran, exceptional museums await to captivate the souls of art enthusiasts.

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Standard 23 November 21

The Greatest Persian Poets throughout the History

Persian poetry, a vibrant tapestry of centuries, showcases unique contributions from poets who have shaped cultural and literary landscapes.

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Standard 23 November 19

Shahnameh: The Epic Persian Book of Kings

The Shahnameh, often referred to as the "Book of Kings," stands as an illustrious epic poem in Persian literature, composed by the revered poet Ferdowsi.

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Standard 23 November 19

Persian Literature | Iranian Literary Heritage

Persian literature, also known as Iranian literature, boasts a rich history that spans over a millennium. It is a testament to the cultural significance and intellectual depth of Iran.

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Standard 23 November 14

Iranian Lurs Ethnic | The Lurs of Iran

The Iranian Lurs Ethnic group, distinguished by their unique cultural identity and historical significance, forms a vibrant tapestry within the rich mosaic of Iranian diversity.

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Standard 23 November 13

The Role of Flowers in Iranian Festivals and Traditions

Iran is blessed with a variety of flowers, thanks to its diverse climate and geography. These flowers, however, aren't just visually appealing; they hold significant cultural importance in the country.

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Standard 23 November 12

How Iran Celebrates Christmas Eve?

As Christmas Eve approaches, the air is filled with excitement and joy as people worldwide prepare for this beautiful festival and welcome the upcoming new year.

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Standard 23 November 10

Top 20 Persian Snacks: Taste the Best

Iran offers a mix of beautiful landscapes, cultures, and mouthwatering food. It's a place where you can enjoy all four seasons, each with its own unique charm and tasty dishes.

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Standard 23 November 06

Who Are Haji Firuz and Amoo Norouz?

In Iran, Norouz, the Persian New Year, holds a special place in people's hearts. It's a time of great anticipation, as the arrival of spring and the promise of fresh beginnings fill the air.

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Standard 23 November 03

The Simurgh | Iran's Mythical Bird | Persian Myth

Have you ever wondered about the mythical creatures that populate the folklore and literature of different cultures? From dragons and unicorns to mermaids and griffins, these fantastical beings have captivated the imagination of people for centuries.

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Standard 23 October 31

Why Iran is Not an Arab Country? Learn the Difference!

Iran is frequently misconstrued as an Arab country, a misperception we aim to dispel. While it shares some similarities with its Arab neighbors, Iran stands as a distinct entity.

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Standard 23 October 24

Alcohol in Iran | All You Need to Know

Iran, with its rich history and vibrant culture, is a country that piques the curiosity of travelers from around the world.

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Standard 23 October 19

Pahlevani and Zoorkhaneh Rituals | An Ancient Sport

Throughout history, many sports have evolved, shaped by geography, culture, and the passage of time, to serve as a reflection of a nation's values, history, and cultural identity.

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Standard 23 September 11

The Faravahar as a Universal Symbol of Unity

The Faravahar, “فَرَوَهَر” in Farsi, a captivating symbol with deep roots in Zoroastrianism, stands as an emblem of profound significance within Persian culture.

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Standard 23 September 11

Huma Bird: Exploring the Mystical Legends and Reality

The Huma bird, often regarded as one of the most fascinating mythical creatures, has left an indelible mark on the tapestry of human imagination across numerous cultures and religions.

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Standard 23 September 11

Persian Calligraphy: From Qalam to Masterpiece

Persian Calligraphy, also known as "Khatt-e Parsi" or "خط ایرانی" in Farsi, is a revered and intricate art form that has been an integral part of Persian culture for centuries.

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Standard 23 September 11

Persian Sculpture: From Past to Present

Persian Sculpture is the art of crafting three-dimensional forms that encapsulate the artistic expression in Iran.

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Standard 23 September 09

Attar of Nishapur: The Sufi Poet and Philosopher

Attar of Nishapur, a luminary in the realm of Persian literature and Sufi philosophy, stands as an enduring figure whose words have transcended centuries, leaving an indelible mark on both poetry and spirituality.

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Standard 23 September 09

Mystical Essence of Anahita: Goddess, River, and Myth

The name "Anahita" carries a mystique that spans both ancient and modern realms, intertwining the threads of history, mythology, and cultural significance.

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Standard 23 August 21

Tabriz Bazaar Complex: History, Shopping & Culture

This guide will lead you through the fascinating architecture, Tabriz Bazaar Complex, a historic marvel located at the heart of Tabriz, Iran.

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Standard 23 August 19

Abyaz Palace: The Ethnological Museum of Tehran

Step into a world where history whispers through magnificent architecture - Abyaz Palace, also known as the Ethnological Museum, a true wonder located in the heart of Tehran, Iran.

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Standard 23 August 16

Chehel Sotoun Palace: Iran's Timeless Marvel

Isfahan is known for being a city characterized by numerous exquisite gardens, historic bridges, and palaces. The majority of these landmarks boast a history spanning at least a century.

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Standard 23 August 12

Tirgan Festival; Water Festival in Iran from Ancient Times

The Tirgan Festival, a captivating celebration deeply rooted in Iran's cultural history, stands as a testament to the enduring significance of water in the lives of Iranians.

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Standard 23 August 12

Chogan (Polo): A Horse-Riding Game Originated in Iran

Chogan or Polo is a horse riding game of Persian heritage that traces back to the 6th century B.C.

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Standard 23 August 09

Molla Sadra | Persian Philosopher and Theologian

If you love to think deeply about the big questions in life and consistently seek to expand your understanding of the world, welcome to the world of Molla Sadra...

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Standard 23 August 09

Pasargadae: Legacy of Cyrus the Great & Ancient City

Pasargadae, an ancient city located in present-day Iran, holds immense historical significance as the capital of the Achaemenid Empire and the final resting place of one of history's most renowned leaders, Cyrus the Great.

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Standard 23 August 06

Vank Cathedral | Persian & Armenian Cultural Masterpiece

Vank Cathedral, an architectural gem nestled in the heart of Isfahan, Iran, stands as a testament to the rich history and cultural diversity of the region.

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Standard 23 July 29

Sama Dance: Unraveling the Mystical Beauty of an Ancient Dance

Sama dance, a captivating and mesmerizing form of spiritual expression, holds a prominent place in the mystical world of Sufism.

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Standard 23 July 20

Iranian Folkloric Dance: Cultural Delight!

Dance holds a profound significance in Iranian culture, serving as a powerful medium for expression and storytelling.

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Standard 23 July 19

All about Iran's Haft-Sin: Celebrating Nowruz

Nowruz, meaning "New Day," is one of the most significant and widely celebrated festivals in Iran.

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Standard 23 July 19

Sizdah Bedar Festival | 13th Farvardin in Iran

The Sizdah Bedar Festival, also known as "Nature's Day" or "Nature's Thirteen," is an annual celebration observed in Iran.

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Standard 23 July 16

Tehran Palaces | Iran's Historical & Cultural Heritage

Tehran, Iran's capital city, is a melting pot of history, culture, and architecture. One of the most striking features of this beautiful city is its grand palaces.

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Standard 19 June 26

2 Towers of Tehran: The Old & Modern Symbols of the Capital City

Sometimes, when you are looking at a picture on a website or a travel magazine, you recognize the place in a second and guess the name of it.

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Standard 23 July 13

Iranian Traditional Houses

Are you tired of staying at the same old luxurious hotels during your travels?

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Standard 23 July 13

Top 10 Historical Sites of Iran

Iran is a land of timeless beauty, where the echoes of past empires still resonate through the ages.

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Standard 18 December 18

Reza Abbasi Museum; The Little National Museum of Iran

Tehran as the capital city of the country is home to a number of museums.

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Standard 22 September 03

Iran UNESCO World Heritage Sites

According to the UN cultural organization UNESCO, Iran is home to more than 20 World Heritage Sites with a highly rich history.

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Standard 23 July 10

Takhte Soleyman (Throne of Solomon), UNESCO World Heritage Site

In the northwestern part of Iran, there is a World Heritage Site called Takhte Soleyman, or the Throne of Solomon.

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Standard 22 November 19

Persian Garden: A Piece of Paradise in Iran

The architecture of a society and the meanings attached to it may serve as a representation of its culture and identity.

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Standard 19 January 23

Elements of Persian Architecture

Persian architecture has a very long and complex history with the greatest contribution to the world’s culture.

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Standard 23 July 05

Iran's Culture and Tradition | The Rich Tapestry of Civilization

Each society has cultures and traditions that identify its heritage and make it uniquely different.

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Standard 23 July 04

Chak Chak Pilgrimage Site | A Cultural Gem in Central Iran

Chak Chak is a pilgrimage site located in the central desert region of Iran, near the city of Ardakan.

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Standard 23 July 01

Traditional Clothing of Iran: Exploring Iran's Rich Heritage

The traditional clothing of Iran holds immense significance in the country's rich and diverse culture.

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Standard 23 July 01

The History of Azadi Tower in Tehran

Azadi Tower, also known as Freedom Tower, stands tall as a sentinel overlooking Tehran and welcoming visitors worldwide.

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Standard 23 July 01

Shahzadeh Mahan Garden: A Timeless Oasis of Beauty and Serenity

Shahzadeh Mahan Garden, also known as the Prince Mahan Garden, is a captivating oasis nestled in the heart of Iran.

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Standard 23 July 01

Iran's Ziggurats: Unveiling the Secrets of the Past

The term "ziggurat" is derived from the Babylonian word "ziqqurratu," which translates to "mountain peak" or "pinnacle."

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Standard 23 June 27

Chaharshanbe Suri: The Festival of Fire and Renewal in Iran

Chaharshanbe Suri, also known as Charshanbe Soori, is a vibrant and ancient festival celebrated in Iran.

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Standard 22 November 14

Is Iran Tourist Friendly?

Iran is a developing country with a population of 84 million.

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Standard 22 December 24

Iran Ethnic Groups

The emerge of different ethnic groups in Iran goes back thousands of years.

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Standard 23 January 16

Iranian Tulips | The National Flower of Iran

The Tulip genus belongs to the Liliaceae family and about have had about 100 species, 19 of which are reported from Iran and 4 of which are endemic to Iran.

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Standard 23 January 16

Typical Iranian Names with Their Meanings

Many parents consider what to name their child since the gender of their kid has been discovered.

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Standard 23 April 09

The Fragrance Festival: Golabgiri Season in Iran

Rose water is a fragrant liquid that is obtained by distilling rose petals.

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Standard 22 November 17

Most Important Holidays in Iran | Monthly Guide

Holidays can be an excellent time to enjoy and travel; however, knowing how your destination celebrates holidays is vital because sometimes you may be unlucky to find out tourist attractions are closed.

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Standard 22 November 14

Iranian Festivals and Celebrations

It is true that festivals highlight a region’s cultural splendors; visiting a place during festival days and participating in these traditional treasures while also taking in the local culture would be an unmatched experience.

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Standard 22 December 08

Traditional Clothing of Iran

Traditional clothing perfectly reflects the history and costume of a nation.

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Standard 22 December 24

Does Iran Celebrate Ramadhan 2024?

Ramadhan is one of the five pillars of Islam, besides the declaration of faith(Tawheed); praying five times a day; alms-giving (zakat); and the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj).

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Standard 22 December 13

Famous Churches in Iran; From Vank to Saint Thaddeus

Iran is home to Shia Islam, which is one of the largest sects of Islam and the official religion of Iran.

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Standard 22 December 04

Persian Hammams, Top Traditional Persian Bathhouses

Cleanliness and hygiene are essential aspects of many religions and cultures.

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Standard 22 November 26

Yalda Night: An Ancient Persian Celebration

Iran is among the oldest countries in the world, with many celebrations, ceremonies, and customs held annually; The Celebration of Shabe Yalda (Yalda Night) is one of them.

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Standard 22 November 14

Do Iranians Celebrate Christmas?

Christmas, the most beautiful festival of the year for many people, is on its way.

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Standard 22 October 24

Best Museums in Tehran | Definitive Guide

Museums are the treasure house of the history and culture of every country or city.

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Standard 22 November 17

What is Zoroastrianism Religion | Ultimate Guide

 Iran has a great civilization with a history of seven thousand years and a rich and fruitful culture.

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Standard 22 October 08

Religion in Iran

Religion is an integral element of every society and culture.

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Standard 22 October 11

 What is the Language of Iran?

Farsi, which is also known as Persian in the English language is the language of Iran.

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Standard 22 September 26

Necessary Words Before Traveling to Iran

Actually, the words "Farsi" and "Persian" have the same meaning and can be used interchangeably.

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Standard 22 September 15

Top Must Watch Iranian Movies

Since the 1930s, some of the most significant works of cinematic art have been created in Iran, the country of cinematic geniuses.

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Standard 22 September 15

What Is the Iranian New Year? All About Nowruz!

One of the richest cultures in the world, Persian culture, has had a significant impact on other cultures as well.

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Standard 22 June 29


Similarly, the Iranian New Year is known as “Nowruz”; literally translating to “New Day”. It signifies the first day of spring, the season of creation and the resurrection of nature. Consequently, Nowruz has an evident relationship to the Bundahishn’s text of primal Creation. Nowruz is not an isolated concept. The spirit of Nowruz becomes palpable among the Iranian people in the days leading up to New Year and continues for several days thereafter. Therefore, to fully appreciate the celebrations of this season one needs to have a comprehensive understanding, not only in regard to the ceremonies of Nowruz, but the related feasts and traditions.

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Standard 20 January 25

10 Things Tourists Should Never Do in Iran

For many international tourists, traveling to Iran can be fun, exciting, and full of different types of adventure. Travel to Iran, with a mix of endless deserts, ancient monuments, and rich culture, can be particularly rewarding. The country has something for every taste.

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Standard 19 December 10

Shab-e Yalda: Celebration of the Longest Night of the Year

One of the most ancient Persian festivals is Shab-e Yalda or Yalda Nights. All Iranian around the world celebrate this night with their families and friends on the 21st of December.

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Standard 19 September 04

The Best Places for Muharram & Ashura Observances in Iran?

Traveling to Iran during Muharram, especially on the day of Ashura, is an opportunity to experience the passionate religious ritual in Iran.

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Standard 19 July 14

Traditional and Folklore Music of Iran

Iran has different styles of traditional and folk music. In every city and village from north to south, and west to east, there is no single place without its own traditional music.

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Standard 19 January 14

National Museum of Iran | The Oldest & Most Important One

The National Museum of Iran is in the top 10 list of museums in Tehran according to, and actually the first choice of every traveler who has an interest in architecture, archeology, and history.

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Standard 18 July 02

Tirgan Festival; Water Festival in Iran from Ancient Time

Many countries around the globe held water festival on a specific day once a year.

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Standard 18 October 27

National Jewelry Museum of Iran

There are a few museums in the world which exhibit the magnificent and invaluable collection of jewelry.

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Standard 19 June 01

The Water Museum in Yazd | One of the Best Places to Visit

The picturesque city of Yazd is a well-preserved mud-brick old town with distinctive wind-catchers, and numbers of historical sites. One of the most interesting points about the city is its unique architecture, where you can find old houses with a magnificent platform and interior design.

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Standard 19 May 22

8 Most Beautiful Local Bazaars in Iran

Since centuries ago, bazaars have an important cultural influence in Iran. Whenever a city was about to develop, the first thing was done by the governor at the time was establishing a bazaar, a school, a bath, and a mosque all as a complex at the center of the city.

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Standard 19 May 19

Temple of Anahita: The Historic Monument of Kangavar

On the road traveling from Tehran toward the city of Kermanshah "Bakhtaran," one passes through the valley of Asad-Abad. In the small town of Kangavar located at the distance of about 75 km from Hamadan and 96 km from Kermanshah, ruins of a majestic historic site start to appear right by the roadside.

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Standard 19 February 05

Carpet Museum of Iran | One of the Must-See Museums in Tehran

There are some valuable items in each country that makes people of the region be proud of, and Persian Carpet with a history of thousand years is one of those in Iran.

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Standard 19 January 30

Top 16 Most Beautiful Mosques in Iran

Being an Islamic country, there are a number of mosques and holy shrines in Iran.

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Standard 19 January 29

Towers of Silence | Zoroastrian Burial Culture

Travel to Iran, will not be completed if any traveler omits Yazd from its itinerary. Being one of the most historical cities in the country, Yazd is also visited by millions of people all around the year. 

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Standard 19 January 26

Amir Chakhmagh Complex | A Plaza in Yazd

Amir Chakhmagh or Amir Chakhmaq historical square is the symbol of Yazd city and located at the heart of the city.

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Standard 19 January 26

Menar Jonban | The Historical Shaking Minaret

Isfahan is one of the oldest and most visited cities in Iran by both locals and international tourists. In addition to a number of beautiful sightseeing and historical monuments, you can always treat yourself with some of the best local food, and mouthwatering desserts. 

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Standard 19 January 24

Tehran Music Museum | One of the Best Museums to Visit in Tehran

Iranian are well-known for being artists in different types of art and music, and these are two inseparable items from Iranian lives.

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Standard 19 January 22

Vank Cathedral: One of the Oldest Christian Cathedral in Iran

Being an Islamic country, there are a number of mosques and holy shrines in every corner of Iran. However, for centuries, people from other religions have been living in the country, and as a result, it is easy to find religious places of other religion.

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Standard 18 December 25

Best Books to Read before You Travel to Iran

With no doubt, it is crucial to learn more about the culture, history, and people of a country prior to visiting it. And there is no way better than reading books that include these items. That is why we have gathered the books which could give you all the information you are looking for this amazing country with thousands of years of history. Here, is the list of best books to read before you travel to Iran. Hope you enjoy reading those! 

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Standard 18 December 17

Moghadam Museum | The Incredible House at the Heart of Tehran

The Moghadam Museum is one of the most incredible houses in the world due to its architecture, history, and items which are stored and exhibited at the house. With the traditional Iranian architecture, there is a small garden, several turquoise ponds, and lots of trees in the yard.

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Standard 18 November 03

Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art

Tehran as the capital city of Iran is home to numbers of museums, especially the national ones. Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art is one of those. The museum is located on the western side of Laleh Park in a concrete modern building, which is surrounded by different types and models of sculptures.

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Standard 18 October 28

Chehel Sotoun Palace; A Persian Garden with Mural Paintings

Isfahan is known as a city with numerous beautiful gardens, historical bridges, and palaces. Most of these monuments have a history for at least for a hundred years. 

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Standard 18 October 25

Vakil Complex; Combination of Citadel, Mosque, Bath, and Bazaar

With a great heritage, there are numbers of historical houses, gardens, and monuments in Shiraz, which makes the city one of the most visited one in Iran. Among all of these places, one of the most popular ones in the heart of the city is Vakil or Zandiyeh complex.

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Standard 18 September 10

Iranian Nomads with a Wide Diversity of Ethnicity

There is a wide range of ethnicities in the Iranian community. From north to south, and east to west, you can find people with different culture and dialectic. For instance, in the northern part of Iran, beside  the Caspian Sea, there are Gilaki, Mazani, and Turkmen. 

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Standard 18 September 01

Fal-e Hafiz (Fale Hafez)

Hafiz is one of the greatest Persian poets who lived in the 14th century in Shiraz. He is best known for his mystic poems which have had a profound effect on Persian literature and culture.

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Standard 18 August 29

The Ancient City of Susa in Persia (Iran)

With a supreme history, Iran acts as a live museum with numerous valuable objects and museums around the country. In fact, the country has more than 20 properties listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

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Standard 18 August 21

Top 10 Museums to Visit in Tehran

In every city, there are numerous places to visit. However, considering the time limit of every travel, it would not be possible to visit all the places and every passenger should plan to visit the best and must-see places.

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Standard 18 August 15

Sizdah Be Dar | An Ancient Festival in Iran

On 13th of Farvardin, (it is coincided with 2nd of April) all Iranians struggle to make the best of this day and complete the memorable holiday of Nowruz.

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Standard 18 August 14

Carrying “Nakhl” in Ashura Ritual | Muharram in Iran

After the Safavid Empire was formed and the Shia was chosen as an official religion in Iran in 16th century, various customs were established in many parts of the country to consolidate this religion in our land. 

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Standard 18 August 11

Naqqali: Iranian Dramatic Story-Telling

Naqqali has a long history in Iran and has played an important role to maintain the culture and native traditions of the country. The best oral texts of every language are short stories that come to us from generation to generation like the oral music that the players learn each other. 

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Standard 18 August 09

Ritual Dramatic Art of Ta’ziye

Ta’ziye is a ritual dramatic art among Iranian traditions which recounts the religious and historical events and mythical stories and folktales. 

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Standard 18 August 05

Type of Prayers in Iran

In general, prayer is an act of worship which can have the variety of forms like liturgy or ritual. Nowadays, some religions require people to do a strict sequence of actions as prayer, while the others may practice the prayer by anyone at any time. 

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Iran’s Culture

Iran’s culture, a mesmerizing tapestry woven through centuries of history, is a radiant reflection of the nation's identity and essence. Rooted in ancient civilizations and nurtured by diverse influences, Iran's cultural heritage holds profound significance in shaping its people's values, traditions, and way of life.


Definition and Significance of Iran's Culture

At the heart of the Middle East, Iran stands as a cultural treasure trove, celebrated for its distinct art, literature, music, and traditions. The culture of Iran encompasses the customs, beliefs, rituals, and artistic expressions that have flourished within the region for millennia. From the majestic palaces of the Persian Empire to the enchanting poetry of Rumi, Iran's culture encapsulates the soul of its people and fosters a sense of shared identity and unity.

Iranian culture, also deeply influenced by the tenets of Islam, showcases a unique blend of ancient customs and Islamic practices. The interplay of these elements has given rise to a rich cultural landscape that transcends time and continues to flourish in the modern era.


Iran's Rich History: A Tapestry of Diverse Influences

Steeped in the sands of time, Iran's culture thrives on the intricate interplay of diverse influences that have shaped its captivating history. From the cradle of ancient civilizations to the grandeur of the Persian Empire and the transformative impact of Islamic civilization, Iran's cultural legacy weaves together an enchanting narrative of human achievements and artistic brilliance.


Ancient Civilizations and Their Contributions

Long before the birth of the Persian Empire, the land we now know as Iran was home to ancient civilizations that laid the groundwork for Iran's culture's blooming diversity. Among these early civilizations were the Elamites, whose sophisticated society thrived in the southwestern part of present-day Iran, showcasing advancements in art, architecture, and writing. The Elamites' artistic traditions and craftsmanship continue to echo through the centuries, influencing later Iranian art forms.

Another significant ancient civilization was the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BCE. This empire not only extended its dominion across vast territories but also fostered an atmosphere of cultural exchange, with the construction of the iconic Persepolis as a symbol of unity and respect for the diverse peoples it governed. The Achaemenids' promotion of cultural exchange laid the foundation for the synthesis of various cultural elements that define Iran's cultural heritage today.


Persian Empire and Its Cultural Legacy

The Persian Empire, under the Achaemenids and subsequent dynasties such as the Parthians and Sassanians, left an indelible mark on Iran's culture. With its capital at Ctesiphon, the Sassanian Empire was particularly instrumental in promoting Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion of Persia, and its influence extended far beyond religious practices. Zoroastrian principles, emphasizing notions of justice, honesty, and the dualism of good and evil, have permeated Iran's cultural fabric, shaping its moral and ethical foundation.

Persian art and architecture flourished during the reign of the Persian Empire, with striking monuments, palaces, and cities built to celebrate the grandeur of the realm. The mastery of the arts, evident in intricate carvings, mosaic works, and impressive sculptures, further enriched the vibrant tapestry of Iran culture.


The Impact of Islamic Civilization on Iranian Culture

In the 7th century, the Arab conquest brought Islam to Iran, heralding a new chapter in its cultural evolution. Islamic civilization and its teachings blended harmoniously with Iran's pre-existing cultural traditions, creating a unique fusion that endures to this day. While Islam became the dominant religion, the Persian language, literature, and customs continued to flourish, resulting in a distinct Islamic-Iranian cultural identity.

The Islamic Golden Age, which spanned from the 8th to the 14th centuries, witnessed a remarkable surge in Iranian contributions to science, philosophy, mathematics, and literature. Scholars like Avicenna, Omar Khayyam, and Al-Farabi left an indelible mark on the world with their groundbreaking works.

Islamic art and architecture also played a pivotal role in shaping Iran's culture. Mosques, mausoleums, and palaces adorned with intricate geometric patterns, exquisite calligraphy, and elegant arabesques reflect the magnificence of Islamic aesthetics and their seamless integration with Iran's architectural heritage.


Art and Architecture: Mirrors of the Iranian Soul

Deeply ingrained in the essence of Iran's culture, art and architecture stand as exquisite reflections of the nation's soul, embodying its history, beliefs, and aesthetic sensibilities. From traditional Persian art forms that have transcended time to the profound impact of Islamic architecture on Iranian structures, and the cultural significance of historic landmarks, Iran's artistic expressions tell a captivating story of its people's creativity and artistic brilliance.


Traditional Persian Art Forms

The realm of Persian art unfolds like a vibrant tapestry, enriched by a diverse array of art forms that have flourished over the ages. One of the most celebrated forms of traditional Iranian art is calligraphy, a magnificent blend of skilled penmanship and artistic expression. Persian calligraphy transforms words into an enchanting dance of intricate strokes, and the masterful calligraphers of Iran have adorned manuscripts, architectural surfaces, and decorative objects with their poetic compositions.

Another cherished art form that graces Iran's cultural landscape is miniature painting. Persian miniature paintings capture both real and imagined worlds, often illustrating epic tales, religious stories, and moments of courtly life. Miniature painters meticulously depicted scenes with remarkable attention to detail, showcasing their creativity and profound understanding of human expression.

Carpet weaving is yet another art form that holds a special place in Iran culture. Persian carpets, renowned for their exceptional craftsmanship and intricate designs, have long been considered masterpieces of textile art. Each carpet tells a unique story, with motifs representing cultural symbolism, regional identities, and the weavers' individual artistry.


Influence of Islamic Architecture on Iranian Structures

The advent of Islam profoundly influenced Iran's architectural landscape, adding new dimensions to its pre-existing artistic traditions. Islamic architecture, characterized by its harmonious integration of aesthetics and religious principles, is evident in the design of mosques, madrasas, and other structures across Iran.

The grandeur of Iran's mosques exemplifies the magnificence of Islamic architecture. Intricate geometric patterns, elaborate arabesques, and mesmerizing calligraphy adorn the walls and domes, creating a sense of spiritual transcendence. The Jameh Mosque of Isfahan, with its awe-inspiring turquoise dome and dazzling tilework, exemplifies the seamless amalgamation of Persian and Islamic architectural elements.


Historic Landmarks and Their Cultural Importance

Iran is replete with historic landmarks that serve as custodians of its cultural heritage. Among these iconic sites, Persepolis stands as a testament to the grandeur of the ancient Persian Empire. This UNESCO World Heritage Site showcases the splendor of Persian art and architecture, featuring massive stone columns, imposing gateways, and intricate relief carvings that depict scenes of imperial triumph and cultural diversity.

Isfahan, often referred to as "Nesf-e-Jahan" (Half of the World), holds a treasury of architectural marvels that symbolize Iran's rich cultural legacy. The Naqsh-e Jahan Square, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a stunning example of Iranian urban design, encompassing the Imam Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, and the Ali Qapu Palace, all adorned with intricate tilework and calligraphy.

These historic landmarks not only serve as repositories of Iran's past but also as living witnesses to the enduring spirit of Iran's culture, inspiring awe and admiration from visitors around the globe.


Language and Literature: The Eloquent Expression of Identity

Embedded within the heart of Iran culture, language and literature serve as profound mediums for expressing the nation's identity, history, and emotions. The Persian language, with its historical significance and modern usage, has been instrumental in shaping the country's cultural heritage. Persian poetry, deeply cherished and adorned with luminaries like Rumi and Hafez, weaves verses that resonate with the soul of Iran. The vast realm of Persian literature, spanning centuries, has left an indelible mark on world literature, showcasing the brilliance of Iranian creativity and imagination.


Persian Language: Historical Significance and Modern Usage

As one of the world's oldest languages, the Persian language, also known as Farsi, holds deep historical significance in Iran's cultural evolution. Its roots can be traced back to ancient Indo-European languages, and its development over the millennia reflects the intricate cultural interactions that have shaped Iran's identity.

Persian remains the official language of Iran, connecting modern Iranians to their rich literary past. Despite the influence of global languages, Farsi remains steadfast, preserving the essence of Iran's unique cultural expressions. The Persian language serves as a bridge, uniting Iranians across generations and regions, fostering a shared sense of national identity and pride.


Poetry as an Integral Part of Iran's Cultural Heritage

Poetry occupies an exalted place in Iranian culture, with Persian poetry regarded as one of the most exquisite and eloquent forms of artistic expression. Dating back to ancient times, Persian poetry flourished during the Islamic Golden Age, producing illustrious poets like Rumi, whose spiritual verses transcend time and continue to inspire people worldwide.

Rumi, a 13th-century Persian mystic and poet, captivated hearts with his soul-stirring poetry that delved into themes of love, spirituality, and universal harmony. His works, notably the "Masnavi" and the "Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi," have become a timeless testament to the depth of Iranian artistic brilliance.

Hafez, another celebrated Persian poet from the 14th century, explored themes of love, nature, and the mysteries of existence. His poetry, collected in the "Divan-e Hafez," holds a revered place in the hearts of Iranians and remains an integral part of cultural celebrations and gatherings.


Celebrations and Festivals: Embracing Diversity and Unity

Within the vibrant tapestry of Iran's culture, celebrations and festivals form colorful threads that weave together a rich fabric of tradition, history, and unity. From the joyous Nowruz, the Iranian New Year, to solemn religious festivals like Eid al-Fitr and Ashura, and the diverse regional celebrations with their unique customs, Iran embraces a tapestry of festivities that reflect its diverse heritage and foster a sense of togetherness.


Nowruz (Iranian New Year): Origins and Cultural Significance

Nowruz, meaning "new day," is an ancient festival with roots tracing back over 3,000 years. Celebrated on the spring equinox, Nowruz marks the beginning of the Iranian calendar year and the arrival of spring, symbolizing renewal, rebirth, and the triumph of light over darkness. The festival embodies the essence of Iran culture and holds immense cultural significance for Iranians worldwide.

Preparations for Nowruz begin weeks in advance, with households engaging in a thorough spring cleaning to usher in the new year with freshness and purity. The traditional Haft-Seen table is beautifully arranged, featuring seven symbolic items, each starting with the Persian letter "S," such as Sabzeh (sprouts), Samanu (sweet pudding), and Senjed (dried oleaster fruit). These items represent different wishes for the upcoming year.

On the day of Nowruz, families come together to share a festive meal, exchange gifts, and visit relatives and friends. The celebration extends to public spaces, where colorful events, music, and performances showcase the shared joy of new beginnings, fostering a sense of unity and camaraderie.


Religious Festivals and Their Observance

Iran's cultural diversity is beautifully illustrated through the observance of religious festivals, which hold deep spiritual significance for different communities within the nation.

Eid al-Fitr, also known as the "Festival of Breaking the Fast," marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. Muslims across Iran engage in special prayers, charitable acts, and feasts to commemorate this joyous occasion. Families and friends come together to share traditional delicacies and exchange gifts, emphasizing the spirit of generosity and community.

Ashura, observed primarily by the Shia Muslim community, is a solemn day of mourning that commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, in the Battle of Karbala. Devout believers participate in processions and religious ceremonies, reflecting on the values of sacrifice, justice, and standing against oppression. The atmosphere is somber and introspective, underscoring the significance of faith and spiritual reflection in Iran culture.


Regional Celebrations and Their Unique Customs

Iran's regional diversity is celebrated through an array of local festivals, each showcasing its unique customs, costumes, and rituals. From the nomadic tribes of the Zagros Mountains to the coastal communities of the Caspian Sea, various regions of Iran host a multitude of cultural festivities that pay homage to their distinct heritage.

One such celebration is the Chaharshanbe Suri, a pre-Nowruz festival during which people jump over bonfires to symbolically cleanse themselves of the past year's troubles and welcome the new year with purity and hope. This fire-jumping tradition reflects the ancient Zoroastrian origins of Nowruz and its integration with Islamic practices.

In southern Iran, the Bandari people celebrate the Sea-Sun Festival, expressing their reverence for the sea and its role in their lives. The festival involves colorful processions, music, and dance, all paying homage to the region's seafaring culture and its historical connections with trade and maritime routes.


Family and Social Structure: Bonds that Strengthen the Society

At the core of Iran, culture lies a deep appreciation for family and community, forming the bedrock of social structure and cohesion. The significance of family and extended family networks, the evolving dynamics of gender roles in modern Iran, and the central role of hospitality in daily life all contribute to the enduring strength and unity of Iranian society.


Importance of Family and Extended Family Networks

Family holds a sacred place in Iranian culture, embodying values of love, respect, and support. The concept of family extends beyond immediate relatives, encompassing an extensive network of extended family members who form a close-knit community. These connections create a strong sense of belonging and provide a safety net of care and assistance in times of need.

In Iran, families often live in proximity to one another, fostering frequent gatherings and reinforcing bonds. Celebrations and festivals become joyous affairs, with family members coming together to share meals, exchange stories, and partake in traditional customs. The elderly hold revered roles within the family, and their wisdom and experiences are valued, contributing to the intergenerational transmission of cultural values.


Gender Roles and the Changing Dynamics in Modern Iran

Traditionally, Iran has adhered to distinct gender roles, with men being the breadwinners and women primarily responsible for managing household affairs. However, over time, societal changes, increased education, and economic opportunities have led to evolving gender dynamics in modern Iran.

Today, more women are pursuing higher education and entering the workforce, contributing significantly to various fields and industries. Despite these advancements, gender equality remains a work in progress, and challenges persist in achieving full parity.

Efforts to promote gender equality are reflected in legal reforms and educational initiatives, empowering women to participate fully in social and economic spheres. As Iran navigates these changing dynamics, cultural values that prioritize family unity and respect remain fundamental to the fabric of society.


Hospitality and Its Central Role in Iranian Culture

Hospitality is a cornerstone of Iran's culture and one of the Iran cultural facts, showcasing the warmth and generosity of its people. Iranians take pride in welcoming guests into their homes, considering it a sacred duty to extend hospitality to strangers and acquaintances alike. The concept of "Mehman Nawazi" (guest-welcoming) holds deep cultural significance, symbolizing the spirit of openness, kindness, and unity.

When visitors arrive, they are often greeted with a lavish spread of food, sweets, and drinks. Iranians believe in offering their best to guests, considering it a reflection of their own character and honor. This practice of hospitality fosters a sense of connection and friendship, transcending social and cultural barriers.

In addition to private hospitality, Iran is renowned for its traditional tea houses, where locals and travelers gather to engage in conversation, share stories, and forge meaningful connections. The spirit of hospitality is evident even in public spaces, where strangers may strike up conversations and find common ground.