Gorgan 12 Jul 2018 BY The Authors Group

Gorgan: The Historical City with the Second Longest Wall Worldwide

Gorgan; the historical city with the second longest wall worldwide

The rapidly developing city is a livelihood place with the mixture of different ethnics. 

Gorgan is one of the most colorful cities in Iran, where you can explore the green Alborz Mountain and enjoy both historical and natural attractions. If you have any plan to travel to Iran, and travel to Gorgan read this article with us to have more information about the city.

General information

Gorgan is situated in the northeast of Iran, about 30 kilometers (19 miles) away from the Caspian Sea, and 400 kilometers (250 miles) far from Tehran. It has an elevation of 1,350 meters (4,430 ft.) above sea level.

It has a population of about 350,000 inhabitants (in 2016), and the city has an area of 1,700 km2 (656 mi2) from which about 150 km2 (93 mil2) of the eastern part of the city is the Golestan National Park which is home to a home portion of fauna and flora of Iran.

Nahar Khoran

The city has a humid and moderate climate which is known as the “moderate Caspian climate”. Alborz mountain range, area height, being near the sea, local winds, and the altitude of the city is the reason for this type of the climate in the city.


Arrian, the Greek historian wrote in his book that the Zadracarta (means the yellow city) was the largest city of Hyrcania. The city was named yellow due to the numerous numbers of orange, lemon, and other citrus fruits in the area.

During the kingdom of Cyrus the Great, Hyrcania became part of the Achaemenid Empire. Great wall of Gorgan which is known as the second longest defensive wall worldwide, and was built during the Partiha and Sassanian eras.


Gorgan has lots of natural attractions including Alangdarreh Forest Park which is a real beauty autumn with unique to the Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests. In addition, there are also Nahar-Khoran, Ziarat Village, Ziarat Waterfall, Hezarpich Hill, Ghorogh Forest Park, Tuskestan Forest, and Shast-Kola Forest.

Golestan province

With a great history, Gorgan has also numerous historical attractions. The most ancient one is the Great Wall of Gorgan which was built to protect the empire from the nomadic peoples of the north. There are also Emadiyeh School, Great Mosque of Gorgan (Masjed Jame'), Qajar era underground bathroom at Sorkhankalateh, Amir-latifi Historical House, Bagheriha Comples, Ghal'eh Khandan Hill, and Tureng Tappeh.


Leave a Comment