If you want to travel to Iran, Tabriz is one of the most important cities in Iran that you must visit, not only because of the historical and cultural aspect but also due to the economic, industrial and political influences that the city has in the country.
The city located in the northwestern part of Iran, surrounded by hills and mountains from north, long ridges of volcanic cones of Sahand peak in south and east, this makes the city to have a continental climate, very hot and dry in the summer and extremely cold in the winter.
The city has an elevation ranges between 1,350 and 1,600 meters (4,430 and 5,250 ft.) above sea level. The city has a population of about 1,730,000 habitats (2016), and it is the fifth most populated city in Iran.
The official language in Iran is Farsi (Persian), however, in Azerbaijan province, the main spoken language is Azari and Farsi is the second one.
In the pre-Islam period, most probably during the Sassanians era, Tabriz become a notable city and prospered until the Arabs invasion. When the Mongols took the governance or Iran they chose Maragheh as their capital city and therefore Tabriz lost part of its importance.
It was chosen as the capital city during the Ilkhanid dynasty once again, at that time it was one of the major cities on the Silk Road. Although Safavid kings changed the capital from Tabriz later, it kept its importance because of the role it maintained in the foreign trade with the Ottoman Empire, Russia, central Asia, and India.
During the 19th century during Iran and Russia’s war, the city went through many disturbances. However, Abbs Mirza, the Qajar crowned prince, paid a lot of attention to the city and made several modernization processes.
In the early 20th century, Tabriz became the
During World War I, Ottomans and Russians occupied the city, and during World War II, the Allied Forces did the same. In 1979, the time of the Islamic revolution in Iran, the people of Tabriz played a major role in the success of the revolution.
Within the long history Tabriz has, many well-known people were originated from the city. Here is a list of the most famous ones.
Shams Tabrizi (Poet), Naser-e Din Shah (King of Qajar), Iraj Mirza (Poet), Sattar Khan (the pivotal figure in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution), Farhad Fakhreddini (Composer and founder of Iran’s National Orchestra), Mohammad Hossein Shahriar (Poet), and Tahmineh Milani (Film Director).
Top tourist Attractions in Tabriz
One of the most interesting attractions of Tabriz is the Grand Bazaar of Tabriz, which is inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2010. It is the oldest bazaars in the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world.
In the city, you can also visit the House of Constitution (Mashrooteh Museum), Azerbaijan Museum, Jameh Mosque, Blue (Kabud) Mosque, and Saint Mary Church.
If you have time, there are some great attractions around Tabriz that you can have a visit
Food and confectionary
Tabriz is really well-known for its delicious cuisines such as Kufteh Tabrizi, Abgoosht, Ash-e Mast, and Dolma. There are also some famous sweets and confectionaries from the city like Ghorabie, Loz, Baklava, Nougha or Louka, and Eris or Ris. So, don’t forget to taste these foods and sweets when you travel to Tabriz.